Marcus Furius Camillus on horseback at Green Vault, Dresden

Marcus Furius Camillus on horseback

Marcus Furius Camillus on horseback

Marcus Furius Camillus on horseback, 1st quarter of the 18th century. Baroque pearls, gold, diamonds, silver, gold plated, enamel. H 8,6 cm. Green Vault, VI 831. © Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden.

On a trotting horse of brown gold enamel and baroque pearls sits an antikisch dressed soldier. The royal blue helmet with two white feathers, the blue breastplate, the white-green undergarment, but above all the marshal's baton in his right, indicate the high rank of the sitter. The inscription in black lettering on both sides of the unadorned pedestal gives further information about the sitter: "Marcus Furius Camillus Ao Vr: CCCLIX". Accordingly, it is a legendary Roman politician and army commander of the 4th century BC. His real exploits mingled in the representations of later historians of antiquity with those found. Livy was considered Marcus Furius Camillus as the second founder of Rome, who had saved the Republic from the Celts and had triumphed over the Etruscan rival Veij. In addition to some legendary acts attributed to him, there have been demonstrable triumphs that prove his historical significance for the strengthening of the then young Roman Republic and its expansion into the territory of the Etruscans. His rather legendary death during the plague of the year 365 BC It was still widely accepted in the eighteenth century, so that the year 359, inscribed on the inscription of the Perlpretiose, does not coincide with his assumed lifetime and can not refer to any of the victories praised in posterity. The depiction of the Roman hero as a pearl figure has a decidedly timeless and monumental quality.

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